50 Small Agricultural Business Ideas

agricultural business ideas

President-elect Donald Trump’s recent appointment of Iowa Governor Terry Branstad as ambassador to China serves as a reminder. High tech products aren’t the only thing of importance in today’s global economy. Iowa farmers supply huge quantities of corn and pork to China. So agriculture remains an important business here in the U.S., and produces important products for export as well. Though you may not be exporting to the world’s second largest economy any time soon, here are 50 small agricultural businesses you might consider.

Agricultural Business Ideas

Urban Agriculture

You don’t need a huge space to get into the agriculture business. If you have a city or suburban home, you can still plant some crops in small or vertical containers to get the most out of your space.

Farmer’s Market Vending

Whether you live in the city or country, you can take the food that you grow or produce and sell it at local farmers’ markets to earn an income.

Herb Growing

Herbs like basil, parsley and mint can make for great agriculture products. So you can grow it at your home or farm and sell it.

Vegetable Farming

You can also plant a variety of different vegetables and harvest them to sell or make into different products.

Livestock Feed Manufacturing

Even if you don’t have enough space to actually farm livestock, you can still contribute to the industry by manufacturing feed for livestock.

Fruit Growing

Or you could grow and harvest various types of fruit to sell or make into other fruit based products.

Field Crop Farming

Soybeans, cloves and other types of crops require a fair amount of field space to grow. But if you have the land, you can harvest specific crops to sell to food producers.

Nursery Operation

You can also start your own nursery where you grow and sell different types of plants to consumers or businesses.

Dairy Farming

If you have the space and the ability to care for cows or other dairy animals, you could start your own dairy farms where you produce milk, cheese and similar products.

Poultry Farming

Or you could focus on caring for chickens and other poultry animals to supply food production companies.

Fish Farming

Fish farming is also a growing sector of the agriculture – or in this case, aquaculture – industry. The process requires raising fish in large tanks or enclosures.

Rabbit Raising

You can also raise rabbits for a variety of different purposes within small pens or similar enclosures.

Snail Farming

If you’re looking for a very small type of animal to raise, you might consider snails. It might sound strange, but you can raise snails for use in escargot. And snail slime can also be used by companies for a variety of different purposes.

Mushroom Farming

You could also start a farm where you focus specifically on growing various types of mushrooms.


Beekeeping is an activity that can lead to a variety of different product-based business ventures.

Honey Production

For example, you can harvest honey from beehives and sell it to consumers or processors.

Beeswax Processing

You can also collect and process beeswax and sell it to companies or individuals that use it to make candles and similar products.

Soy Production

Soy is another popular substance that can be used in a variety of different products. So if you can harvest and process it, you can sell it to companies for various uses.

Food Delivery

If you grow or process food items, you can also build a business around delivering fresh food items to local consumers who want to buy local products.

Bulk Foodstuff Wholesaling

You could also harvest food that can be sold in bulk, like rice or corn product, that you can sell wholesale to food production companies.

Weed Killer Production

Or you could start a B2B business that produces weed killer specifically for farmers or other agricultural businesses.

Fruit Canning

If you grow or process fruit, you can can it to sell to consumers or food companies.

Jam Production

Or you could process various fruits even further to make into canned jam or jelly products.

Juice Production

Juice is another popular fruit based product that you could potentially make and sell at farmers’ markets or other venues.

Meat Packing

You can also start a business that processes meat products to sell to consumers or grocery markets.

Hatchery Operation

Or you could focus on collecting and selling chicken eggs.

Florist Business

You could even start a florist business where you grow your own flowers to use in different products and arrangements.

Spice Production

There are also plenty of different plants you can grow that will allow you to create various spices that you can process and sell.

Nut Processing

Or you could grow peanuts or similar products that you can package and sell.

Organic Gardening

You could also specialize in organic gardening practices so you can market your products to health and eco-conscious consumers.

Sustainable Farm Consulting

Or you could even offer your expertise to other farmers or agriculture businesses that want to utilize sustainable methods as a consultant.

Agricultural Equipment Rental

If you have the capital to purchase farming or agriculture equipment, you could start a business where you rent or lease that equipment out to farmers.

Worm Farming

Compost can be a useful tool for food growers. So you can make compost to sell to farmers and gardeners by starting your own worm farm.

Goat Rentals

People who have a lot of land and don’t want to spend the time to mow it could potentially use the help of goats. So you could start your own business where you care for goats and then rent them out for that purpose.

Christmas Tree Farming

You could also grow pine trees on your property and then sell them to nearby customers around the holidays to use as Christmas trees.

Firewood Production

Or if you have other types of trees on your land, you could use sell the firewood to those who need it. Creating a long term sustainable business would depend on expanding the amount of land on which you can harvest trees and also systematic replenishment through continuous replanting.

Tree Seed Supply

You could also harvest seeds from different trees and sell them to people who want to plant new ones.

Oil Production

There are also various types of plants that you can use to produce oil for cooking or other purposes. So you can process that oil process to sell.

Potted Plant Sales

Or you could grow different types of plants and then sell them in pots to gardeners or consumers looking for houseplants.

Butterfly Farming

Gardeners can often use butterflies to aid in their growing processes and aesthetics. So you could start your own butterfly colony and target gardening customers.

Wool Production

Or you could focus on raising animals like sheep and alpaca for wool production.

Pet Food Production

You could also use a variety of different crops and food products to create pet food that you can sell to consumers.

Planting Service

If you don’t have your own farm but still want to build a business centered around planting crops, you could start your own planting service and work with other farmers or growers in your area.

Farm Sitting

Or you could build a business by providing farm sitting services where you take care of people’s farm or land while they travel.

Corn Maze Operation

If you have corn plots on your property, you can create a corn maze that you can charge people to visit throughout part of the year.

Petting Zoo Operation

You could also raise certain animals and then welcome visitors to your farm as part of a petting zoo attraction.

Educational Farming

Or you could have a farm where you welcome student groups or those interested in learning more about farming.

Trail Ride Service

If you have a tractor or other vehicle that you can drive around to different parts of your farm or property, you can offer trail rides as another paid attraction.


You could also offer a whole tourist experience at your farm where people can come visit and maybe even stay as part of a bed and breakfast type of experience.

Fee Hunting

And if you have land that is large enough and has certain types of animals on it, you could even let people pay to visit for hunting purposes.

Pig Farm Photo via Shutterstock

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Annie Pilon Annie Pilon is a Senior Staff Writer for Small Business Trends, covering entrepreneur profiles, interviews, feature stories, community news and in-depth, expert-based guides. When she’s not writing she can be found exploring all that her home state of Michigan has to offer.

29 Reactions
  1. Some great ideas there thanks. I must admit Goat Rentals is not one I would have thought of but very interesting all the same. There is too much land left idle so the more people do something productive with land the better.

  2. We have huge land bank in Maharashtra tropical climate, and fertile soil, we require a financial partner to start Agriculture as well as agro forests, where we can receive in regular Income as well as long term income,

    near by place Cashew, Mango fruits are growing, sugar cane, animal breeding, fruit processing,dairy production can we started,

    we are looking genuine investors on partner ship basis, as well as technology basis for a Long term business deal

  3. Thanks from a rural reader. Also Goat Cheese Farms are big near us. You can make and sell the cheese plus have a “farm Tour” and charge a small fee. Families love to picnic when they visit.

    Edited by Editor

  4. Good list. I agree with Marsha’s comment…farmstead and/or artisan cheese is a good business, especially when you include the agritourism element.


  5. Dorina Mathayo

    Very useful content, we just have to add innovation

  6. My family and I are looking to do a niche farm in South Georgia. We do not have any land, but have extensive experience in hospitality ( culinary, marketing, events.)
    Looking for anyone that could assist in getting us started, rather it’s a niche crop or land we can help build up and turn into a destination place surrounded by agrotourism.

  7. I I am interested in organic vegetable farming and juicing aimed at improving life of people I need support for machine that will do the juicing packaging

  8. I am interested in layer farming I need financial partner 15 acre my own land anyone who are interested contact me I am from haryana my contact no. 981301****

  9. Patrick Bentil Ogoe

    Very useful ideas

  10. I’m very overwhelmed and fascinated on the wide range of activities and businesses that encompasses Agribusiness. Right now, I have taken a kin interest about this type of business. I will write my business plan, and a vision pertaining this business. And this year, am starting this business. I’m from Zambia, Africa. Thanks!

    • I’m from Zambia too and I’m in agriculture… I think we should meet and have a business conversation

  11. Levi Hamilton Martin

    Thanks for these ideas. I have seen other new stuff. I am a Liberian and my family owns a whole lot of land. i have started a small yard aloe vera gardening process. Just last week, a friend of mine who owns a Liberian beauty product company called J Palm and I tested our first product by producing an organic aloe vera soap. We also have a potential to produce organic coconut oil for export and other usages.

    Now, I want to expand with the land I have. I am inviting small investments between 1500-5000 USD. Contact me and we can talk more. Check out JPalm Liberia or Mahmud Johnson on google and see the amazing works this young Liberian man is doing here. We could partner with him through my aloe initiative. My WhatsApp: +231886405203

  12. Nice idea. I really appreciate it. I am interested with your business idea..

  13. Your explanation pertaining to agriculture is just good and on point and has broaden my understanding scope of agricultural science. yeah agriculture is one of the subject that have kept on emerging or branchings from our forefathers into so many aspect we couldn’t have imagined. thank you for your enlightenment.

  14. for present situation agriculture can be a good business for youths to become self reliant and contribute to the economy of the country.

  15. Bhogendra Chaudhary

    Really Impressed with all the ideas and i am already practicing few of this like :Bulk food wholesaling,Fish Farming,Weed Killer /Oil Production/Agricultural Equipment Rental, Trail ride service and now am planning to start with Educational farming and farm sitting.

    it has been observed as best business for youth at current situation

  16. Kindly send through these ideas on mail below

  17. Please send these ideas to my email below,
    I grew up from a very poor family and agriculture was in my blood , l used to plant veges and now that has come back strong to me during lock down , so my uncle is giving me a land and l want to do something

  18. Very useful ideas thank you

  19. It’s good to know from this article that we can start growing simple herbs like basil, parsley, and mint even in our own home. Growing my own plants had always been my passion and someday, I want to have my own farm that I can harvest regularly. Still, it might be better to organize everything first including insurance before getting into proper business.

  20. Do you have Interesting innovation on Agribusiness and needs sponsorship kindly write to we are working with various investors who are ready to invest in agriculture blockchain technology.

  21. Hi,

    I am very much interested in farming. Am doing my PhD working on lettuce crop.

    I want to start vertical farming leafy vegetables in India. I would need some suggestions.

    Also I have another idea of mushroom cultivation.

    Please provide valuable suggestions.

    Thanks in advance

  22. Hi

    I am really happy to delve to your article on agribusiness idea, I want to say a big thank you for the insight that I derived from reading the idea shared on this page

    Thank you

  23. Thank you for innovative ideas…
    I would like to start with small business in agriculture but starting capital is a big threat..

  24. Agricincome hub

    This is very expository and the content of this piece is has enlightened me on agricultural small scale businesses.
    Thank you.